Tuesday, September 5, 2017
Oskar Schindler's Enamel Factory
Located on Lipowa Street in the Zabłocie district of Kraków is Oskar Schindler's enamel factory. If you have seen the movie "Schindler's List", then you might recognize this building as it appears several times in the film. Schindler was a German industrialist and member of the Nazi party who is credited with saving the lives of around 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his factory located in occupied Kraków. Initially he was only interested in making money, so he hired Jews who were cheaper than Poles because their wages were set by the occupying Nazis. Later he began protecting his workers without regard to cost. Whenever the Schindler Jews were threatened with deportation, he claimed exemptions for them. Wives, children and even disabled persons were claimed to be necessary workers. He was able to do this because his factory was deemed essential to the war effort. Near the end of the war, Schindler was alerted that the Nazis intended to close the factories and evacuate remaining Jews to concentration camps. Using bribery, he persuaded German officials to allow him to move his factory and his workers to Brünnlitz, a village in what is now known as the Czech Republic, sparing them from certain death in the gas chambers. The pictures you see in the photos in the windows above are some of the factory workers saved by Oskar Schindler. Today there are two museums located in this building, but we did not go inside.
Linking to Tuesday's Treasures and Our World Tuesday.